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Railway

Infrastructures Railway

Introduction

The spread of car-manufacturing industry on one hand and the progress of road construction on the other hand have caused heavy traffic jams in inter-city roads, which in turn, would increased driving incidents and given rise to transit costs. In view of this, construction of freeway as a proper solution for increase of travel safety and traffic capacity and decrease of the costs of fuel, car dilapidation, etc., was taken into account by road construction industry. The strategic location of the Islamic Republic of Iran in the region and the passage of East-West and North-South transit corridors through the country on one hand, and economic, political and cultural developments and progresses of the country on the other hand, have doubled the necessity of spread of the country’s freeway network in order to increase national revenues, safety and comfort of road travels and decrease energy costs, goods finished price and so on.

 

History of Railway Construction

The construction of national railway began in 1912 in our country and till the Islamic Revolution 4.565 kilometers (averagely 80 kilometers per year) had been constructed which was not proportionate with the needs of the country. After the victory of the Islamic Revolution and passing through the imposed war, railway construction has been carried out with growing speed and so far, 5.299 kilometers (averagely 216 kilometers per year) have been added to the national railway network.

Programs, Quality Goals and Long-Term Railway Plans

  • Connection of entrance and exit posts to the railway network in order to provide the ground for exports, imports, transit of passengers and goods of the regional countries (which will include the connection of railway network to the neighboring countries).
  • Construction of axes which, besides completion of the railway network, will decrease the distance and time of transportation
  • Construction of North-South railway
  • Removal of bottle-necks of the current railway via doubling the lines or other usual ways
  • Changing some of the railway lines into electric form
  • Connection of the country’s major mines and ports to the railway network
  • Connection of major production, industry and agriculture centers to the railway network
  • Connection of provincial capitals to the railway network