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The I.R. of Iran Constitution

*Article 44

The economic system of the I.R. of Iran is based on public, cooperative, and private sectors, and has a thoughtful and detailed planning.

The public sector includes all major industries, heavy industries, foreign trade, large mines, banking, insurance, energy supply, dams and large water supply networks, radio and television, post, telegraph and telephone, airlines, shipping lines, roads and railways, and the like, which are under the government control as public ownership.

*General Policies of Article 44 of the I.R. of Iran Constitution

2- Investment, ownership, and management in the mentioned fields shall be authorized at the top of Article 44 of the Constitution by public non-governmental agencies and bodies, as well as cooperative and private sectors as follows:

2-7 - Roads and railways

2-8 - Airlines (aerial transport) and shipping lines (maritime transport)

The optimal share of governmental and non-governmental sectors in the activities at the top of Article 44 shall be defined according to the Constitution, taking into account the government sovereignty, national independence, social justice, and economic development.

Iran's 20-Year Perspective Document
(2025 horizon)

*Developed, consistent with its cultural, geographical, and historical circumstances, relying on ethical principles and Islamic, Iranian, and revolutionary values, with due emphasis on religious democracy, social justice, legal freedoms, and observance of people's dignity and rights, and enjoying social and judicial security;

* Possessing advanced knowledge, capable of fostering science and technology, relying on premium contribution of human resources and social capital in national production;

Safe, independent, and powerful, with a defensive system based on comprehensive deterrence, and integrity between people and the government; and

* Having highest ranking in economic, scientific and technological fields in southwestern Asian Region (including Central Asia, Caucasus, Middle East and neighboring countries), focusing on software movement and production of science, accelerated and continuous economic development, relative improvement in per capita income, and achieving full employment.

General Policies of the Government in Transport Sector
(Communicated by the Supreme Leader, Forwarded in 2000)

1- Establishing a comprehensive transport system, and specification of the shares of each sub-section, prioritizing railroad transport, and taking the following points into account:

- Considering economic, defensive and security considerations;
- Reducing energy usage rate;

- Reducing environmental pollution;
- Enhancing safety; and
- Creating balance and proportion between infrastructures, fleet, navigational equipment and demands.

2- Increasing productivity to reach optimum levels, through development and improvement of transport, management, human resources and information systems;

3 - Developing and improving transport network, taking into account the following points:

- Networking approach to route development;
- Preparation of lands;
- Defensive and security considerations;
- National profitability;

- Transit status of the country; and
- Demand.

4- Paving the way for attracting local and foreign investments, as well as encouraging public participation and expanding insurance coverage in all activities of this sector; and

5- Achieving higher shares in the international transport market.

Rules and regulations related to
Construction & Development of Transport Infrastructures

*The Law on the Implementation of Civil Projects in the Road and Transport Sector, through participation of banks and other financial and monetary resources of the country, along with the supplement and executive bylaws thereof

Approved on 15/11/1987 by the Islamic Consultative Assembly

Approved on 27/4/1988 by the Iranian Cabinet

*The Law on Encouragement and Support of Foreign Investment in Iran

Approved in 2002 by the Expediency Council

Fifth National Development Plan

* Achieving a half-percent annual increase in research and studies budget, to rise to 3 % of GNP by the end of the Fifth Plan, and increasing the entrance of bachelor's degree graduates to post-graduate programs up to 20 %

Article 16 of the Law, Paragraphs D and E

* Ranking second in science and technology in the region, and to stabilize it in the Fifth Plan

Article 16 of the Law

*Establishing effective relation between universities and research centers with industry and the related sectors of the society



































Article 16 of the law


*Empowering non-governmental sector to participate in fostering of science and technology, through:

Supporting financially demand-centered researches in conjunction with universities and higher education institutes, research and technology centers, and scientific fora



Article 17 of the Law, Paragraph A


Supporting financially small and medium-sized private and cooperative companies in the field of science and technology


Article 17 of the Law, Paragraph B


Lending sufficient legal support to foreign parties in international contracts and foreign investments to transfer the know-how


Article 17 of the Law, Paragraph C


Supporting financially student theses and dissertations


Article 17 of the Law, Paragraph E


Paying part of the fees for patenting inventions, production of know-how, etc.


Article 17 of the Law, Paragraph F


*Increasing productivity quota in economic growth to one third by the end of the Plan, and forming a National Productivity Organization of Iran in order to develop the Comprehensive Productivity Plan, to approve the same in the Cabinet and notify it to Iranian executive bodies


Article 79 of the Law:


*Utilizing foreign financial facilities by executive bodies during the Plan within the framework of previous years' budgetary regulations, and also employing buyback transactions to secure financial resources of the Plans


Article 82 of the Law, Paragraphs A and B


* Supporting financially public infrastructure development projects through issuance of corporate bonds, etc.


Article 83 of the Law, Paragraphs A and B


*All executive bodies shall comply with the technical criteria, rules and regulations, as well as national standards in implementing their technical and civil projects.


Purchasing any goods and services subject to mandatory standards lacking Iranian National Standard mark shall be prohibited for executive bodies bound by this the present article.


Article 155 of the Law


*Assessing environmental impacts of major production, service, and civil plans and projects prior to implementation


Article 192 of the Law


*Complying with passive defense principles in design and implementation of sensitive and critical plans, or plans under consideration, as well as important structures and infrastructure installations, and the main and vital routes of the country


Article 201 of the Law, Paragraph K


*Implementing Technical and Executive System, approved in 2006


Article 214 of the Law, Paragraph A


*Utilizing novel and appropriate executive methods in conducting projects


Article 214 of the Law, Paragraph B


* Implementing Quality Management and Value Engineering Systems in major and medium projects from the second year of the Plan


Article 214 of the Law, Paragraph C


*Obtaining permission of Article 215 Commission for appropriation plans for new investment assets from the Planning and Strategic Control Department


Article 215 of the Law


*Transferring appropriation plans for new investment assets, and the right to exploitation and/or acquisition thereof to non-governmental sector


Article 220 of the Law, Paragraphs A, B, C, and D


Budget Act of the Year 2013


* Authorizing the Ministry of Roads and Urban Development to finance some 5 billion US Dollars from foreign resources, in order to upgrade railways to high-speed lines and supply the fleet


Article 33 of the Law, Paragraph 2


*Authorizing subsidiary companies affiliated with the ministries of Roads and Urban Development, Energy, Petroleum, and so forth, to sell corporate bonds with their own guarantees


Article 38 of the Law, Paragraph 1


*Authorizing the Government to issue corporate bonds up to fifty thousand billion Rials with its own guarantee, to be reimbursed in substance in order to implement the profit projects


Article 39 of the Law


*Binding executive bodies to allocate 1 to 3 percent of their credits for the implementation of research and technological activities


Article 116 of the Law


* Binding executive bodies to utilize the capacities of non-governmental sector in order to implement appropriation and asset plans and projects by adopting appropriate executive methods and concluding the required contracts


Article 126 of the Law